SynopsisCreated by the artist Eduardo Kac to exist in weightlessness and to be made on board the International Space Station by French astronaut Thomas Pesquet, the work "Inner Telescope" lays the foundation for a new form of art and poetry, freed from the constraints of gravity. This film takes us on an artistic and scientific journey from the conception of the work in Eduardo Kac's studio in Chicago to its realization in orbit by Thomas Pesquet, 400 km away from Earth, during the Proxima mission of the European Space Agency.
With Eduardo Kac, Thomas Pesquet, Gérard Azoulay, Hugues Marchal et Thierry Duquesne.
Télescope intérieur, une œuvre spatiale d'Eduardo Kac Un film de Virgile Novarina (35 min. / une production de l’Observatoire de l’Espace du CNES, 2017)
About the Guests
Virgile Novarina is a french artist and filmmaker. After studying Mathematics and Physics, Virgile Novarina (born in 1976) devoted himself to the artistic exploration of his own sleep through writings and drawings, and the sleep of others through photographs and videos. In the meantime, he makes documentary films about artists he admires, including Jean Olivier Hucleux, Eduardo Kac, ORLAN and soon Pierre Pinoncelli.
Eduardo Kac is internationally recognized for his groundbreaking and influential contributions to the development of contemporary art and poetry.
In the early 1980s, Kac created digital, holographic and online works that were invested in paving the way to the new global culture we live in today, composed of ever-changing information in constant flux. From the mid-1980s to the late 1990s, Kac developed radical telepresence works with remote-controlled robots he created specifically for each piece. In 1997, he sent shockwaves across the world by becoming the first human to implant a digital microchip through his work, Time Capsule. It was also in 1997, in the context of Time Capsule, that he coined the term Bio Art, thus igniting the widespread development of this new art form. In 1999, he created the artwork Genesis, in which he encoded an English statement into living bacteria, allowed Internet participants to mutate the bacteria, and then decoded the mutant DNA back into altered English. In 2000, Kac made what many consider his most famous work; entitled GFP Bunny, it comprises a green fluorescent rabbit called Alba. By splicing jellyfish and rabbit DNA, he originated the first mammal in the history of art.
Kac’s 2009 work Natural History of the Enigma, in which he created a new flower with his own DNA, earned him the Golden Nica Award, the most prestigious award in the field of media arts and the highest prize awarded by Ars Electronica.
In 2017, the New York Times published a full-page article about Kac’s Inner Telescope, a work he conceived for and realized in outer space with the cooperation of French astronaut Thomas Pesquet. His work is part of the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Tate Modern, London; Victoria & Albert Museum, London; the Institute of Modern Art of Valencia, Spain; the ZKM Museum, Karlsruhe, Germany; and the Museum of Contemporary Art of São Paulo, among others.
Colonel Terry Virts (ret) served in the United States Air Force as a fighter pilot, test pilot and NASA astronaut. He is a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, and Harvard Business School. On Feb. 8, 2010 he made his first spaceflight as pilot of the Space Shuttle Endeavor during mission STS-130. His next launch was onboard the Russian Soyuz TMA-15M on Nov. 23, 2014 from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. In March of the following year, Terry assumed command of the International Space Station (ISS) as Commander of Expedition 43. Virts has spent more than seven months in space.
Virts currently travels worldwide inspiring audiences with stories from space and his insights into life on earth. He brings his unique perspective to businesses, covering diverse topics such as: the environment; global wealth; intercultural leadership; crisis and risk management; innovation; strategy and vision; and decision making. He recently directed his first film, One More Orbit about his Guinness World Record-breaking mission in July 2019, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing. His next book, How to Astronaut, is due out in Sep., 2020. Virts also authored Apo11o: To the Moon and Back, a collector’s edition reproduction of the original flight plan Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Mike Collins and the mission control team in Houston used to plan and execute man’s first mission to land on the moon.
He is currently involved in several television and film projects, serves on corporate boards, writes and promotes public policy.
He is one of only four astronauts to have piloted a Space Shuttle, flown a Russian Soyuz spacecraft, performed spacewalks and commanded the ISS. Virts has a unique perspective about the earth, having taken more photos from space than any other astronaut. He is also one of the stars of the IMAX film A Beautiful Planet, shooting much of the stunning footage himself. Virts’ photography is also featured in his National Geographic book, View From Above.
Jérémy Saget is an aerospace Physician, Weightless Flight Surgeon and ZeroG Instructor (Novespace), MD, MS, EMBA. Flight Surgeon (rotary wing Aeromedical Evacuations) for UN Peace Keepers support. Committed one year to leprosy detection in Comores, Indian Ocean. Currently working and writing about psychological aspects of ICE missions (Isolated Confined missions in an Extreme environment), remote medicine challenges and democratization of Space.
Image: ©Thomas Pesquet, ESA, CNES